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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7450

Abstract

POSADA-VILLA, José A.; AGUILAR-GAXIOLA, Sergio A; MAGANA, Cristina G  and  GOMEZ, Luis Carlos. Prevalencia de trastornos mentales y uso de servicios: resultados preliminares del Estudio nacional de salud mental. Colombia, 2003 . rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2004, vol.33, n.3, pp.241-262. ISSN 0034-7450.

This study comprises part of the World Mental Health Survey (WMH) of the World Health Organization (WHO) and describes the prevalence of mental disorders, variations in the geographic distribution of disorders, the sociodemographic correlates and the utilization of services in the adult urban population. The Estudio Nacional de Salud Mental Colombia 2003 (ENSM) is based on a probabilistic, multistage and stratified sampling design within 5 regions of Colombia. The target population was urban non-institutionalized inhabitants of permanent dwellings, between the ages of 18 to 65 years. The response rate was 87.7%. The instrument used for this study was a computerized version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) (registered version 15) that provides diagnoses in agreement with the Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV and the International Classification of Disease, edition 10. Fiftysix percent of the sample was female, 37% was between the ages of 18 and 29 years old, and 26% had only a primary education while 45% had secondary education. Lifetime prevalence rates were calculated at 40.1% for any of the 23 DSM-IV disorders included in the CIDI, 16% for the past 12 months, and 7.4% for the past 30 days. Anxiety disorders were most frequently reported (19.3% lifetime prevalence rates) followed by affective disorders (15.0%) and substance use disorders (10.6%). Lifetime rates for suicide attempts for the overall sample were calculated at 4.9% with 1.3% reported suicide attempts in the past 30 days. The data indicates that only one out of every 10 individuals with one mental disorder and only one out of every five with two or more mental disorders receives any type of treatment. This represents a challenge to the system of health care and demonstrates the need to focus our attention and resources toward the treatment of mental disorders.

Keywords : Prevalence; epidemiology; mental disorders; Colombia.

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