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Print version ISSN 0124-0137


ZAMBRANO GUERRERO, Christian; HERNANDEZ, Pahola  and  GUERRERO MONTERO, Pasichaná Alejandra. Recognition process related to homosexual orientation in students of a public university. Psicogente [online]. 2019, vol.22, n.41, pp.243-271. ISSN 0124-0137.


This research paper aims to analyze from a propositive point of view, the process of sexual orientation for gays, lesbians students of a public university in Pasto.


This research is conducted based on a qualitative paradigm with hermeneutic phenomenological approach. Three men gays and three lesbians were participants. Techniques and data collection instruments, documentary review, participatory observation technique, semi-structured interview, curriculum vitae, community mapping, Delphi method and social recognition of homosexuality scale, were used. Through these techniques, was possible to provide evidence of this recognition process through stages such as: emergence, identification, identity adoption and acceptance, consolidation, self-evaluation, and support others.


Difficulties along this recognition process, such as prejudices, stereotypes and homophobia on family and social status, inducing concealment of the sexual orientation were identified. The importance of support networks such as family and friends, as fundamental base for homosexuality recognition and acceptance are evident. Since in this research according to its objective, strategies to strengthen the recognition process for the sexual orientation based on ideas suggested by the participants, are proposed. Among these strategies, the following are worth mentioning: empowerment of homosexual behavior, strengthening of support networks of support and the education on sexual diversity.


The recognition process related to homosexual orientation through which a person goes through can be considered taking into account six stages, showing how complex might be to recognize himself or herself and in front of others as a person who has feelings and desires towards people of the same sex. Social and family status are highlighted, and critical point of views emphasizing on the acceptance of the other are considered.

Keywords : Sexual orientation; Homosexuality; Prejudice; Discrimination; Homophobia.

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