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Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales

Print version ISSN 0370-3908

Abstract

CAMPOS, Ana María; MORENO, Sonia  and  MOLINA, Rafael Alberto. Characterization of Al-Zr, Al-Hf and Al-Ce-pillared vermiculites by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Rev. acad. colomb. cienc. exact. fis. nat. [online]. 2014, vol.38, n.149, pp.401-408. ISSN 0370-3908.

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to establish the relative concentration and the chemical environment of modifying species in a series of vermiculites pillared with mixed precursors of Al-Zr, Al-Hf and Al-Ce. The binding energies observed provided evidence that zirconium and hafnium are most likely found as Zr-O(H)- and/or Zr-Si- and HfO2, displaying a larger dispersion on the vermiculite surface compared with cerium species (Ce2O3), which are mainly found inside clay aggregates. On the one hand, the chemical analysis showed that with Al-Hf and Al-Zr solutions, the introduction of hafnium and zirconium was complete within the range of 0.5 - 2 mmol g-1 of clay, but the efficiency was reduced with larger quantities. On the other hand, the introduction of cerium in the Al-Ce solutions can be considered to be complete within the range assessed.

Keywords : Pillared vermiculite; zirconium; hafnium; cerium; XPS.

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