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Print version ISSN 1900-3803


DE LA HOZ CACERES, Deimer et al. Systematic review of causes and treatments for cracked nipples during breastfeeding. Entramado [online]. 2019, vol.15, n.2, pp.218-228. ISSN 1900-3803.

To identify the factors most frequently related to cracks in the nipples and the different treatments used to treat this problem in nursing mothers was do a review of the scientific literature. The search was conducted using the databases: SCIENCE DIRECT, EMBASE, PROQUEST SCOPUS and SCIELO, published between 2000 and 2018, and bibliographic references cited in some of the selected articles were added. The terms used were in English and Spanish, standardized in the descriptor systems for both languages, but non-standardized terms identified in some articles were also used. The results show that the use of lanolin, warm water compresses, expressed breast milk and the application of mint are the most effective for nipple trauma. Considering the treatments found, those that contain better effects in the stimulation of the epithelial growth of the cracked nipple are: lanolin, collagenase and hydrogel dressings. According to the above, one treatment is not recommended over another because the methods found to be effective and beneficial both for the management of pain and the reduction of nipple trauma.

Keywords : Breastfeeding; nipples; cracks; breast-feeding; breast complaints; childcare.

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