Print version ISSN 0012-7353
ZAPATA, CARLOS DAVID; MARTINEZ, IVÁN DARÍO; ARENAS CASTIBLANCO, ERIKA and HENAO URIBE, CARLOS ANDRÉS. BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM CRUDE PALM OIL: 1. DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF TWO CONTINUOUS PROCESSES. Dyna rev.fac.nac.minas [online]. 2007, vol.74, n.151, pp. 71-82. ISSN 0012-7353.
Two continuous transesterification processes for biodiesel production from crude palm oil were designed and simulated, using the HYSYSTM process simulator. The first one includes a pretreatment of the free fatty acids via neutralization and the second one via an esterification with acidic conditions. To establish a comparative analysis between both processes, a technological assessment was carried out. It was concluded that the raw materials consumption is greater for the process with free fatty acids neutralization. It was found, also, that the second process, with previous esterification, generates more biodiesel for an equal amount of crude oil of inlet.
Keywords : Biodiesel; Biofuels; Process design; Process simulation; Transesterification; Crude palm oil.