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DYNA

Print version ISSN 0012-7353
On-line version ISSN 2346-2183

Abstract

CORTES MARIN, ELKIN; SUAREZ MAHECHA, HECTOR  and  PARDO CARRASCO, SANDRA. BIO-FUELS AND ENERGY SELF-SUFFICIENCY. Dyna rev.fac.nac.minas [online]. 2009, vol.76, n.158, pp.101-110. ISSN 0012-7353.

The condition of finite and not renewable resource of fossil fuels, added to high atmospheric contamination in big populated centers, for the automotive park that participates in high proportion in the total consumption of primary energy have been unchaining factors for the promotion and study in the country of new energy or biofuels, starting from organic resources (vegetables or animals). Colombia is a vulnerable country in hydrocarbons in front of exploration programs limitations due to absence of new important discoveries and to decrease of its reserves. Consecuently, the country is "ad portas" of losing its oil self-sufficiency in the short term (2015 horizon) surround by an unfavorable conjuncture of high prices. Everything added to bad quality by the high content of sulphur, particularly in diessel, which overcomes widely the established international levels. To diversify energy sources, to avoid degraded climatic change and to draw social rejection to polluting energy, become important challenges so that science and technology contribute to a sustainable development, well-known and supported by the citizens.

Keywords : Bio-fuels; energy; ethanol; bio-oil; petroleum.

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