versão impressa ISSN 0012-7353
RODRIGUEZ CHAPARRO, TATIANA e CLETO PIRES, EDUARDO. TOXICITY EVALUATION AS A TOOL TO ASSES THE PERFORMANCE OF AN ANAEROBIC IMMOBILIZED BIOMASS REACTOR. Dyna rev.fac.nac.minas [online]. 2010, vol.77, n.164, pp. 284-291. ISSN 0012-7353.
Effluents from pulp mill are usually toxic and mutagenic. This characteristic is mainly a consequence of xenobiotic compounds that are formed during the process. Global parameters such as chemical oxidation demand, total organic carbon and others, do not permit identify whether the toxic potential was remedied by the treatments or not. The objective of this research was to evaluate the performance of an horizontal-flow anaerobic immobilized biomass reactor (HAIB) treating the bleaching effluent from a Kraft pulp mill using toxicological (Daphnia similis - Ceriodaphnia silvestrii) mutagenicity and citotoxicological assays (Allium cepa L). The results showed high sensibility of the test-organisms and capability of the anaerobic reactor to remove compounds that are exerting toxic and mutagenic effects. The bioassays represented an attractive alternative to water quality analyzes and the performance evaluation of treatments.
Palavras-chave : AOX; Celulose; Kraft; toxicity; mutagenicity..