Print version ISSN 0012-7353
MORAGA, NELSON O; ZAMBRA, CARLOS E; TORRES, PAUL B. and LEMUS-MONDACA, ROBERTO A.. FLUID DYNAMICS, HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER MODELING BY FINITE VOLUME METHOD FOR AGROFOOD PROCESSES. Dyna rev.fac.nac.minas [online]. 2011, vol.78, n.169, pp. 140-149. ISSN 0012-7353.
The two-dimensional transient momentum, heat and mass transfer for agrofood processes is described. These processes are: pre-harvest and fruit hot-air dehydration. The methodology includes mathematical modeling and computational simulation to describe conjugate heat and mass convection and diffusion between food and surrounding air. The mathematical model is written in terms of a system built based on the non-linear coupled partial differential equations of continuity, linear momentum, energy and mass. Temperature and concentration dependent fruit thermophysical properties were calculated from empirical models. The finite volume method with the SIMPLE algorithm is used to obtain the results of velocity (v), temperature (T) and moisture concentration (C) distributions in time for the processes studied. The validation procedure includes a comparison with v, T and C experimental and numerical results obtained in the specialized literature.
Keywords : reharvest; drying; forced/mixed convection; numerical simulation.