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DYNA

versão impressa ISSN 0012-7353

Resumo

JIMENEZ-MUNOZ, Edith et al. Obtaining pulp from waste of Agave salmiana B. Otto ex Salm.Optimization. Dyna rev.fac.nac.minas [online]. 2017, vol.84, n.200, pp.253-260. ISSN 0012-7353.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/dyna.v84n200.58906.

The agave is a source nontimber species, which can be used for the extraction of cellulose. Work has been done reporting papermaking fibers from six species of agaves: A. lechuguilla, A. angustifolia, A. tequilana, A. American., A. mapisaga and A. salmiana using different methods for extraction fiber. Their results indicate that A. mapisaga and A. salmiana were the species that showed better characteristics for the possible development of paper. In this paper we sought to create a new value added to the waste leaves Agaváceas agribusiness processing of pulque, from A. salmiana B. Otto ex Salm. Pulp was obtained by two methods: alkaline pulping method known as Organosolv. Characteristics and efficiencies of the processes under an optimization study were evaluated. As a result, it is concluded that optimal and reproducible for cellulose pulp by alkaline pulping A.salmiana conditions were: [NaOH] 12%; 24 hours; [Na2CO3] 2.5% and [Na2SO4] 0.2%. In contrast to the acid pulping optimum conditions they were: 60% H2O; 6 hours; [CH3COOH] and 80% [HCl] 0.5%. On the basis of response analysis "more better performance" in the ANOVA, we found that for the alkaline pulping, the factor having the greatest impact on the process is time, and the factor that has lower incidence [Na2CO3]; on the other hand, for acid pulping the factor having the greatest contribution it is [CH3COOH] and the lowest incidence is the stirring rate. In the alkaline pulping confirmatory experiments yield 39.69% cellulose pulp A.salmiana was obtained whereas for organosolv pulping yield 71.57% was obtained.

Palavras-chave : cellulose pulp; A. salmiana; pulping; Organosolv; optimization.

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