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DYNA

versão impressa ISSN 0012-7353

Resumo

REDONDO, Johan Manuel; IBARRA-VEGA, Danny; MONROY, Liliana  e  BERMUDEZ, Jorge. Assessment strategies for the integral management of waste electrical and electronic equipment-WEEE. Dyna rev.fac.nac.minas [online]. 2018, vol.85, n.205, pp.319-327. ISSN 0012-7353.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/dyna.v85n205.62564.

This paper presents a model for the evaluation of strategies in the management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE). Waste represents a risk to public health and the environment, the dangerous type compounds that constitute them and the increase of their generation. In Colombia, there is a law of 1672 guidelines for the adoption of a policy that improves the management of WEEE.

This Law proposes public management objectives, of which in this article three of them were evaluated (Reduction in generation, incentive to use, promote integrated participation). For this evaluation, a model was built using the Dynamics of Systems methodology, which allowed the establishment of the socio-environmental system structure for the generation and management of WEEE. Likewise, the evaluation scenarios were defined, the first is the initial or natural state that corresponds to the system without any strategy and the second is the system with the implementation of the strategies, which were divided into two groups. One is Economic Circular Strategies, Environmental Education and Job Promotion, and the other group contains the producer's extended liability strategies, citizenship incentives and the collection rate. Model simulations and scenario comparisons showed that the first group of strategies decreased in the generation rate of WEEE. Likewise, they allowed a second group of strategies on disposition rate. Likewise, the proposed model for the management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment is useful for the evaluation of waste management strategies in different scenarios.

Palavras-chave : waste; modeling; system dynamics; public management.

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