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Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Químico - Farmacéuticas

Print version ISSN 0034-7418

Abstract

URREGO NOVOA, José Ricardo  and  DIAZ ROJAS, Jorge Augusto. Behavior of poisoning due to chemical compounds, drugs and psychoactive substances in Colombia during 2010 according to Sivigila. Rev. colomb. cienc. quim. farm. [online]. 2012, vol.41, n.1, pp.99-122. ISSN 0034-7418.

The chemical poisoning is a public health problem. In Colombia there is little information. They conducted a retrospective longitudinal study of the behavior of the poisoning that was caused by chemical exposure and reported through the surveillance system in public health (Sivigila) in Colombia during 2010. The main events that have the highest incidence of chemical poisoning in Colombia are in descending order pesticides, drugs and other chemicals with 89.65% of the notification. The main type of exposure was intentional suicide with 44.04% of the notification, the main route of oral exposure to 72.14% of the reported cases. The age group with the highest number of reported cases was between 15 and 19 years with 22.17% of the notification. The level of education with the largest number of cases of poisoning was secondary education accounted for 47.47% of the notification. The method of confirming the poisoning was the clinic with 92.87% of the notification.

Keywords : chemicals; poisoning; epidemiological surveillance; public health.

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