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Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Químico - Farmacéuticas

Print version ISSN 0034-7418


ARIZA MARQUEZ, Yeimy Viviana et al. Frequency of 14 genetic variants associated with breast cancer risk and treatment in a Colombian population. Rev. colomb. cienc. quim. farm. [online]. 2018, vol.47, n.2, pp.277-288. ISSN 0034-7418.


Genetic variations have been related to risk and treatment efficacy. Many polymorphisms in breast cancer are known to influence susceptibility, breast cancer risk and treatment outcome. Polymorphisms vary among populations; therefore, local studies are necessary.


To establish the frequency of polymorphisms associated to breast cancer risk and treatment pharmacogenomics in a group of Colombian individuals.


Data from microarray profiles including gene polymorphisms associated with breast cancer treatment were retrospectively collected (Pathway Genomics®). The frequency of marker CYP2D6 rs3892097 and a breast cancer panel (CAS8 rs1045485, CHEK21100delC, ESR1 rs2046210, FGFR2 rs1219648, intergenic_2q35rs13387042, intergenic_8q24 rs13281615, MSRP30 rs10941679, TNRC9 rs3803662, AKAP9 rs6964587, LSP1 rs3817198, MAP3K1rs889312, PALBS1592 delT, ESR1 rs3020314) were studied.


Microarray data from 68 men and 92 women were analyzed. All polymorphisms were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Genotypic frequencies of CYP2D6 rs3892097 C/T, CAS8 rs1045485 G/C, and those of genes included in a breast cancer panel (CAS8 rs1045485, CHEK21100delC, FGFR2rs1219648, intergenic_2q35rs13387042, intergenic_8q24 rs13281615, MSRP30 rs10941679, TNRC9 rs3803662, LSP1 rs3817198, MAP3K1rs889312, PALBS1592 del T, ESR1rs3020314) did not significantly differ from previously published data. ESR1 rs2046210, with allele frequencies of C=0.04 and T=0.02, and AKAP9 rs6964587, with a frequency of A=0.005, were determined as rare.


The population studied was not significantly different in allele distribution from previously reported data at HapMap. Genotypes in Colombian population are similar to other previously studied groups of healthy subjects. Extended use of genotyping pharmacogenetic polymorphisms will prevent toxicity and adverse effects in tamoxifen treatment (for example in CYP2D6 rs3892097). Therefore, therapeutic alternatives should be evaluated based on individual pharmacogenetic studies.

Keywords : Colombia; pharmacogenomics; breast Cancer.

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