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Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0034-7434
On-line version ISSN 2463-0225

Abstract

SAAVEDRA, Jaime. Conventional treatment for uterine myomatosis - induced infertility. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2003, vol.54, n.2, pp.121-134. ISSN 0034-7434.

Fibroids are a fairly frequent occurrence in the reproductive age group and exclusively responsible for both infertility and pregnancy wastage in a small (5%) but significant proportion of patients. Approximately 50% of women with infertility and uterine myomas conceive after myomectomy. A slightly higher proportion of women with history of recurrent pregnancy loss conceive following myomectomy. More importantly, there is highly significant reduction in early and mid trimester miscarriage rates. Evidence suggests that most women wish to conceive are able to do so in the first year, with pregnancy rates dropping sharply after this time. This may be attributed to recurrence of fibroids. If possible, therefore, the surgery should be timed to take place when the woman is ready to start a family. The site, number and size of the myomas as well as the expertise of the surgeon along with patient preference may all influence the management option. A submucous fibroid or an intramural fibroid distorting the uterine cavity, fibroids > 5 cm and multiple fibroids are all indications for surgery in woman considering a pregnancy. For relatively small (< 5 cm) intramural or subserosal fibroids, reproductive history is an important consideration in counseling the patient regarding the need for surgical intervention.

Keywords : leiomyoma; myomectomy; infertility; assisted reproduction.

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