Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología
versão impressa ISSN 0034-7434
SALAZAR, Juan Álvaro; TRIANA, Juan Carlos e PRIETO, Franklyn Edwin. Characterising hypertensive disorders during pregnancy in Villavicencio, Colombia. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2004, vol.55, n.4, pp. 279-286. ISSN 0034-7434.
Objective: describing the incidence of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy in Villavicencio (Colombia) and features which may be related to complications or hospitalisation. Materials and methods: an active search was made of hypertense pregnancies; a prospective record was kept of treatment and socio-demographic and clinical characteristics. This data was compared with institutional information regarding the pregnant population attended during the study. Hypertense group variables were compared with the presence or absence of complications and hospitalisation during this time Results: there were 5.2% (95% CI: 4.2%-6.3%) pregnant hypertensive disorders. Comparing hypertense patients age and their number of gestations with the total population of pregnant women did not reveal statistically significant differences. Greater percentages of pre-term birth, assisted delivery and infant weight being below 2,500gm were found in the hypertense group. 53.2% of the cases were classified as being complicated and 15.4% of them did not receive specific treatment for this condition. There was an association between more than 4 days hospitalisation with severe proteinuria and epigastralgia. Pre-term pregnancy and mild proteinuria were taken as complication predictors. Epigastralgia was used for predicting complications, having a 2.29 likelihood ratio and 0.51 negative ratio, with 0.53 Youden index. Conclusions: hypertension during pregnancy has a great impact on maternal and perinatal health. Perinatal mortality has improved due to specialised treatment. It is suggested that preventative measures should be strengthened, as should early diagnosis and treatment of complications during pregnancy.
Palavras-chave : eclampsia; preeclampsia; proteinuria; pregnancy complications.