Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología
versão impressa ISSN 0034-7434
HIV/AIDS attacks women progressively; in turn this raises the risk of HIV mother-to-child transmission. Early HIV diagnosis, through HIV counselling and voluntary testing during antenatal check-ups, enables opportune anti-retroviral treatment; it could diminish antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum HIV transmission. The main topics dealt with in this review concern managing HIV in pregnancy and exposed newborn children. An integral health-care approach should ensure reducing mother-to-child transmission risk to less than 2%.
Palavras-chave : human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); disease transmission; vertical/prevention and control; prenatal care; prenatal diagnosis; highly active antiretroviral therapy.