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Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0034-7434On-line version ISSN 2463-0225


CAMPO-ARIAS, Adalberto  and  DIAZ-MARTINEZ, Luis Alfonso. Prevalence and factors associated with daily cigarette smoking amongst adult women in Bucaramanga, Colombia. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2006, vol.57, n.4, pp.236-244. ISSN 0034-7434.

Objective: cigarette smoking is increasing becoming a public health problem for women and is related to important morbidity and mortality. This research was aimed at establishing the prevalence of and factors associated with daily cigarette smoking in adult women. Design: a cross-sectional, population-based study. Setting: the general population of Bucaramanga, Colombia. Participants: literate adult women aged 18 to 65. Interventions: none. Mean outcome measures: daily caffeine drinking, abusive alcohol consumption, common mental disorders, and the last-month daily cigarette smoking. Results: 1,737 women were interviewed. Their mean age was 38.3 years (SD=13.3) and they had had an average of 8.8 years schooling (SD=3.9). 56.2% of the women were married, 37.1% were employees, 68.0% were living in middle-class neighbourhoods, 44.4% drank caffeine everyday, 1.4% reported abusive alcohol consumption, 15.8% presented a common mental disorder and 17.6% had a known medical condition. There was 6.3% cigarette smoking prevalence (5.2-7.4 95%CI). After controlling for educational level, daily cigarette smoking was associated with abusive alcohol consumption (OR=5.1; 2.0-12.8 95%CI; p=0.001), presenting a common mental disorder (OR=3.5; 2.2-5.3 95%CI; p<0.001), daily caffeine drinking (OR=3.0; 1.9-4.6 95%CI; p<0.001) and living in neighbourhoods having low socioeconomic status (OR=1.5; 1.0-2.4 95%CI; p=0.042). Conclusions: one out of sixteen women from the general population smokes everyday. Actively promoting quitting smoking in this population has thus become most important.

Keywords : smoking; prevalence; general population; adult; women; public health.

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