Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología
versão impressa ISSN 0034-7434
Introduction: vasomotor symptoms are frequently reported during the peri and postmenopausal periods and drastically affect the quality of life of those women who suffer them. Estrogens continue being the treatment of choice for such symptoms; however, this type of treatment is contraindicated in some women, whilst other women simply refuse to use them. The present work was aimed at reviewing clinical studies which have evaluated antidepressant drugs’ effectiveness regarding the treatment of vasomotor symptoms. Materials and methods: Medline / PubMed, EBSCO, and Ovid databases were reviewed. Articles published between 2002 and 2011 were included, as were randomized clinical assays, metaanalyses and systematic reviews which evaluated antidepressant drugs’ effectiveness in treating vasomotor symptoms. Results: it was observed that antidepressants helped to alleviate vasomotor symptoms and had a favorable effect on neuropsychiatric symptoms related to the menopause, such as irritability, alterations in sleeping patterns and emotional ability. Studies regarding hot flushes’ physiopathology supported the hypothesis that antidepressants could be useful for treating them. Evidence regarding the group of antidepressant medicines suggested using sertraline, fluoxetine, citalopram and venlafaxine. Conclusion: antidepressant drugs could be useful in treating menopause-related vasomotor symptoms; those having a noradrenergic and serotoninergic pharmacological profile should be considered.
Palavras-chave : antidepressant drug; menopause; hot flushes; vasomotor symptoms; treatment.