Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología
versão impressa ISSN 0034-7434
ABEHSERA-DAVO, Daniel; IGLESIAS-SANCHEZ, Carlos; DANS, Fernando Magdaleno e GONZALEZ-GONZALEZ, Antonio. Massive fetomaternal hemorrhage with cardiotocographic sinusoidal rhythm: A case presentation and literature review. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2011, vol.62, n.2, pp. 196-200. ISSN 0034-7434.
Introduction: massive fetomaternal transfusion (MFT) is an entity having high fetal morbidity and mortality; it usually involves the mother’s reduced perception of fetal movements and the presence of a cardiotocographic fetal sinusoidal rhythm, associated with fetal anemia. However, both situations have very low specificity. A clinical case is presented here to arouse interest in reviewing the precision of the sinusoidal rhythm when diagnosing fetal anemia. Materials and methods: the case of a 36-weeks pregnant mother is presented; she attended La Paz teaching hospital (a third-level hospital forming part of the Spanish public hospital system). After presenting a non-reassuring cardiotocographic heart rate pattern, birth was induced in which the usual fetal wellbeing tests proved insufficient for diagnosing fetal suffering. The presence of serious neonatal anemia was shown following a eutocic delivery, the Kleihauer-Betke test proving the presence of a large volume of fetal blood in the mother’s blood. Articles published in both Spanish and English during the last 10 years in the Medline database were reviewed via PubMed. Conclusion: intradelivery fetal monitoring could be useful in diagnosing massive fetal-maternal hemorrhage, even though broader studies should be carried out for determining diagnostic precision.
Palavras-chave : fetomaternal transfusion; fetal heart rate; fetal blood; fetal hypoxia.