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Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0034-7434

Abstract

ORTIZ-SERRANO, Ricardo; HERRERA-GALINDO, Víctor Mauricio  and  ACUNA-PRADILLA, Catalina. Frequency of nontreponemal testing (VDRL) and prevalence of test reactivity in patients with miscarriage at Hospital Local del Norte in Bucaramanga, Colombia. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2014, vol.65, n.1, pp.16-21. ISSN 0034-7434.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18597/rcog.73.

Introduction: Adherence to the recommendations for syphilis screening in pregnant women is critical for congenital syphilis prevention. The objective of this study was to estimate the frequency of nontreponemal test orders and prevalence of test reactivity in women with miscarriage. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study based on the registry of patients coming to the obstetrical emergency service at Hospital Local del Norte, Bucaramanga, between January 1st and December 31st, 2011, diagnosed with miscarriage. The prevalence of nontreponemal testing (VDRL) orders as well as of reactive results was assessed in these patients. Results: During the study period, 233 women were identified to have a confirmed miscarriage. The mean age was 24.2 ± 7.3 and the mean gestational age was 9.1 ± 3.3 weeks. Evidence for nontreponemal test orders was documented in 135 patients (57.9%; CI 95%: 51.6-64.3); of them, 5 (3.7%; CI 95%: 0.5-6.9) had reactive results: 1 with 1:2 titres; 3 with 1:4 titres and 1 with 1:32 titres. Conclusion: Despite existing recommendations, the prevalence of nontreponemal test orders in patients with miscarriage is low. This points to the need to create awareness among the staff about the importance of following closely the protocol for the care of pregnant patients.

Keywords : Miscarriage; syphilis; nontreponemal test; request.

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