SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.65 issue2Knowledge and Practices of young people related to Human Papillomavirus Infection: New updatedDiagnosis of recurrent gastroschisis in Cali, Colombia: A case report and review of the literature author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0034-7434

Abstract

LOPEZ, Mariana Beatriz  and  ARAN-FILIPPETTI, Vanessa. Consequences of prenatal exposure to alcohol: Historical development of the research and evolution of the recommendations. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2014, vol.65, n.2, pp.162-173. ISSN 0034-7434.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18597/rcog.64.

Objective: Several studies point to a lack of information together with greater demand from healthcare providers regarding the characteristics of disorders associated with prenatal exposure to alcohol, and ways to prevent them. This paper is aimed at prompting reflection on the most relevant aspects that need to be considered in the detection and management of alcohol use during pregnancy. Materials and methods: The following questions may be answered from a review of the historical evolution of the research related to disorders associated with prenatal exposure to alcohol: 1. Which are the current diagnostic criteria of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)? 2. What is the prevalence of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and other FASD? 3. How have international recommendations on alcohol use during pregnancy evolved? 4. What are the current prevention strategies? An extensive review of the international published research is conducted for this purpose. Results: Modern research on the topic reveals that prenatal exposure to alcohol may give rise to a wide spectrum of problems. The difficulty in establishing a safe dose of alcohol during pregnancy has resulted in a progressive revision of the recommendations regarding alcohol use during this period, ranging from moderate use to abstinence. Conclusion: The impact and size of this problem require the development of specific preventive strategies. Their implementation requires continuous training of practitioners charged with providing periconceptional and perinatal care.

Keywords : Alcoholic beverages; pregnancy; foetal alcohol syndrome; primary prevention.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )