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Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0034-7434

Abstract

GELVEZ-TELLEZ, Samuel. Advanced abdominal pregnancy with a live foetus: Case report and review of the literature. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2015, vol.66, n.1, pp.61-66. ISSN 0034-7434.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18597/rcog.9.

Objectives: To describe the case of a patient delivered at term of a live foetus after abdominal pregnancy, and to conduct a review of the literature on the diagnosis and treatment with emphasis on placental extraction and the use of methotrexate for the management of the residual placenta. Materials and methods: Case presentation of a patient with advanced abdominal pregnancy of 38 weeks and 5 days of gestation seen at an intermediate complexity public referral hospital located in the Department of Chocó on the Pacific Coast of Colombia. The patient was taken to surgery due to acute foetal distress, breech presentation and uterine myomatosis. The abdominal pregnancy was found incidentally during the procedure. A live foetus was delivered in good condition, the placenta was removed manually and the mother and neonate evolved satisfactorily. Methotrexate was not used as part of the management of the residual placental tissue. A search of the literature was conducted in the Medline database through PubMed, Embase and The Cochrane Library, using the following key words: abdominal pregnancy, live foetus, methotrexate, placenta. Results: At total of 31 articles on the topic were found and 23 were selected for the review: 18 case reports, 4 literature review articles and one letter to the editor. Conclusion: Advanced abdominal pregnancy is a rare entity associated with high maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity rates. Despite advances in ultrasound, this entity is still underdiagnosed. It must be managed in a level III hospital by a multidisciplinary team, with blood products available. Studies leading to the inclusion and assessment of the safety of methotrexate and placental extraction in the management protocols for advanced abdominal pregnancy are needed.

Keywords : Abdominal pregnancy; live foetus; methotrexate; placenta.

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