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Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0034-7434

Abstract

JIMENEZ-HERNANDEZ, Diana Liliana; GUEVARA-RODRIGUEZ, Andrea del Pilar; ZULETA-TOBON, John Jairo  and  RUBIO-ROMERO, Jorge Andrés. Cesarean section rate by Robson groups in an intermediate complexity centre in the city of Bogotá, 2012-2014. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2016, vol.67, n.2, pp.101-111. ISSN 0034-7434.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18597/rcog.381.

Introduction: The Robson classification is useful for characterizing women taken to Cesarean section with the aim of implementing successful focused strategies. The objective was to determine specific Cesarean section rates according to the Robson classification in an intermediate complexity hospital. Materials and methods: cross-sectional descriptive study that included women of the state-subsidized health insurance regime seen at a general public hospital between 2012 and 2014. A stratified random sampling was performed on the basis of the birth route, per delivery, based on the delivery/Cesarean section ratio found during the time period. The women were classified under 10 Robson groups. A descriptive analysis was conducted of the demographic variables, the clinical indications reported, and the overall and specific proportions of Cesarean sections in each group. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Institution. Results: Out of 6558 deliveries during the study period, 1190 were selected. The overall proportion of Cesarean sections was 36.9%. Nulliparous women accounted for 38.5% of the Cesarean sections, followed by the group with previous Cesarean sections (36.4%) for which the specific proportion was 100%. The specific proportion of Cesarean sections in nulliparous women in spontaneous labour was 36.6%, whereas it was 43.3% in the premature delivery group. Conclusions: The highest specific proportions of Cesarean section were found among women with a previous Cesarean section, women with pre-term delivery and nulliparous women with spontaneous or induced delivery. These groups could lend themselves for intervention in order to have an impact on the rates of Cesarean section in the Institution.

Keywords : Cesarean section; vaginal delivery after Cesarean section; repeated Cesarean section; Classification; prevalence.

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