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Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0034-7434

Abstract

MORENO-GONZALEZ, Edward  and  ORTIZ-MARTINEZ, Roberth Alirio. Knowledge about contraception among pregnant women coming to San José University Hospital in Popayán, Colombia, 2014-2015. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2016, vol.67, n.3, pp.207-214. ISSN 0034-7434.  http://dx.doi.org/18.597/rcog.768.

Objectives: To determine the level of basic acceptable knowledge on contraception among obstetric patients coming to the Hospital Universitario San José (HUSJ) in Popayán. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study in pregnant women coming to a Level III referral public university hospital in Southwestern Colombia during 2014 and 2015. Patients with inconsistent information, or who could not complete the survey because of their mental or physical conditions, or those who did not sign inform consent, were excluded. Basic level of knowledge was defined as more than 90 % correct items on the questionnaire. A systematic random sampling was performed, and the biological, social and demographic variables were analysed. In terms of knowledge of the contraception method, there were questions regarding use, adverse reactions and risk of failure. A descriptive analysis was performed. Results: Of a total of 361 women included in the assessment, 94.46 % reported having knowledge of at least one contraception method. Of the pregnancies, 70.09 % were unplanned. Close to one-fourth of the patients were using some form of contraception at the time of pregnancy. A basic level of knowledge of 90 % was found in 26.23 % of the patients, the lowest level being related to the knowledge about oral contraceptives (11,85%). Conclusions: Despite the fact that 94% of the pregnant women interviewed knew of the existence of contraception methods, only 26% of them were found to have a level of knowledge greater than 90% concerning their use and associated adverse reactions.

Keywords : Contraception; basic level of knowledge.

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