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Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0034-7434

Abstract

DIAZ-YAMAL, Ivonne Jeannette et al. Safety of office hysteroscopy in a fertility unit. Bogota, Colombia, 2011-2016. Retrospective cohort. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2017, vol.68, n.3, pp.186-192. ISSN 0034-7434.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18597/rcog.776.

Objective:

To describe the findings, level of pain and complications of office hysteroscopy in the workup of the infertile patient.

Materials and methods:

Retrospective cohort of women subjected to office hysteroscopy because of a history of implantation failure, with prior ultrasound scan, seen between January 2011 and March 2016 in a fertility unit that serves private patients under the pre-paid medicine regime. Patients who did not come back for follow-up at the institution were excluded. Consecutive sampling was used. Sociodemographic, clinical, intra-operative findings, reasons for cancellation, pain level, and intra-operative or post-operative complications were the variables evaluated. A descriptive analysis was performed.

Results:

Of a total of 195 patients who met the selection criteria, 171 were included; 24 patients who did not complete treatment in this Unit were excluded. The mean age of the patients included was 40 years (IQR 36-43 years); 86 % were nulliparous; 42 % had a diagnosis of primary infertility, 39 % secondary infertility, and 20 % tertiary infertility. Endometrial abnormalities were found in 59 % of the cases. There was more than one pathologic finding in 7.6 % of cases. There was a 3 % frequency of complications (pain and vasovagal effect), with no major complications, as well as an 8 % frequency of cancellations.

Conclusions:

Office hysteroscopy through the vaginal approach is a safe, well tolerated procedure, associated with a low risk of short and long-term complications.

Keywords : Hysteroscopy; uterine endoscopy; outpatient care; diagnosis.

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