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Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0034-7434On-line version ISSN 2463-0225


ESTRADA-OROZCO, Kelly et al. Central venous catheter insertion and maintenance: Evidence-based clinical recommendations. Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2020, vol.71, n.2, pp.115-162. ISSN 0034-7434.


To share with clinicians supporting evidence of the safest and the most effective processes for central venous catheter insertion and maintenance as a strategy to prevent catheter-associated bloodstream infections.

Materials and Methods:

A literature search was conducted in the Medline via PubMed, Embase Central and Lilacs databases based on a set of clinical questions aimed at improving safety and effectiveness at key moments in the process of central venous catheter insertion and maintenance. The rapid literature review methodology was used. The studies identified were assessed from the quality point of view, using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) tools for qualitative and quantitative studies and for systematic reviews. Clinical practice guidelines were assessed using the AGREE II tool. The evidence is presented in the form of evidence-based clinical recommendations, which were graded in accordance with the JBI methodology.


Twelve clinical evidence summaries containing evidence related to the safe and effective use of central venous catheters are presented, including the following topics: central venous catheter insertion (CVC), peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC), preoperative assessment, the use of analgesia, field preparation, choice between CVC or PICC, CVC care and maintenance, prevention of complications, and general considerations pertaining to the use of central venous catheters in oncologic patients and in parenteral nutrition.


Recommendations on the safe and effective use of central venous access catheters in relation to CVC insertion and maintenance processes are presented in the evidence-based summary model. It is necessary to evaluate their implementation in health outcomes in the institutions where they are developed.

Keywords : Catheter-related infections; bacteremia; safety measures; clinical protocols; patient safety.

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