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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

CAMPO-ARIAS, Adalberto; DIAZ, Carmen Elena  e  COGOLLO, Zuleima. Factors Associated with Clinically Meaningful Depressive Symptoms among Students from Cartagena, Colombia: A Gender Differential Analysis.. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2006, vol.35, n.2, pp.167-183. ISSN 0034-7450.

Background: Clinically meaningful depressive symptoms (CMDS) are very common among Colombian adolescents. However, associated factors with CMDS have not been established. Objective: To determine possible associated factors with DSCI in adolescent students from Cartagena, Colombia. Method: Students from a public school between the ages of 10 and 19 years filled out an anonymous questionnaire. The survey included items from the Epidemiological Surveillance Improper Substance Use, the CAGE questionnaire for alcohol use, the Francis scale of attitude towards Christianity, the SCOFF questionnaire for improper ways of weight control, and Zung’s self-report rating scale for depression. A logistic regression model was done to establish factors related to CMDS according to the gender. Results: A total of 633 students, 314 girls and 319 boys, were included. Among girls, CMDS was associated with illegal substance use (OR = 8.61, 95%CI: 1.08-68.4), poor health perception (OR = 2.21, 95%CI: 1.19- 4.11), a possible case of eating disorder (OR = 1.79, 95%CI: 1.03-3.09), and poorer attitude towards Christianity (OR = 1.11, 95%CI: 1.01-1.22). Among boys, CMDS was related to poor health perception (OR = 2.93, 95%CI: 1.52-5.68), a possible case of eating disorder (OR = 1.71, 95%CI: 1.04-2.82), lower educational level (OR = 1.44, 95%CI: 1.10-1.89), and a poorer attitude towards Christianity (OR = 1.06, 95%CI: 1.01-1.12). Conclusions: For both girls and boys, DSCI are related to poor health perception, a possible case of eating disorders and less religiosity.

Palavras-chave : Depressive symptoms; prevalence; adolescents; students; associated factors; cross-sectional study.

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