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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7450

Abstract

ALARCON, Rafael  and  RAMIREZ VALLEJO, Eduardo. Psychosomatic Medicine in Cardiovascular Illness II. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2006, vol.35, n.3, pp.363-380. ISSN 0034-7450.

Objective: To provide an orientation on pharmacological therapeutic conducts, psychotherapy and others which should be implemented in patients with cardiovascular disease and psychological and emotional disorders that precede or appear as a consequence of them. Method: This review exposes basic treatment considerations, general basis on psychotherapy with a brief description of each of them and the techniques that should be implemented in these types of patients. Pharmacological recommendations including guides for prescription, psychiatric pharmacological agents risk of adverse effects, dosage and security profile of antidepressants, anxiolytics and mood stabilizers are addressed. Results: This paper reviews the general therapeutical considerations that should be considered in a cardiac disease patient with depression, anxiety or stress. Lifestyle modifications and healthy habits currently recommended to decrease the risk of cardiopathy, depression, anxiety and stress are determined. Conclusions: in order to reduce risks and worsening of illness a priority should be made in regards to psychotherapeutic treatments in their different modalities.

Keywords : psychotherapy; cardiac disease; mental disorders.

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