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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7450

Abstract

GARCIA-VALENCIA, Jenny et al. Clinical Assessment of Suicidal Risk in Subjects with a Recent Suicide Attempt. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2007, vol.36, n.4, pp.610-627. ISSN 0034-7450.

Objectives: To describe the characteristics that rendered subjects as having either high risk or low risk of suicide, according to the psychiatric evaluation performed after a suicidal attempt in different emergency services in Medellín, Colombia. Methods: It is a cross-sectional design. 238 individuals were interviewed to classify them in a group of high suicide risk or a group of low suicide risk. The self-report scale “Reasons for Living Inventory” (RFL) was applied. After that, characteristics of the high and low risk groups were compared. Results: The 60.5% of the participants were classifi ed as high risk attempters. The factors associated with high risk were: major depressive disorder (OR=5.78, CI 95%: 3.01-11.2), violent method (OR=5.21, CI 95%: 1.89-14.37), attempt during psychoactive substance intoxication (OR=2.46, CI95%: 1.07-5.64) and score of the “Reasons for Living Inventory” (OR=0.47, IC95%: 0.34-0.66). Conclusions: The results are similar to those reported in studies carried out in other places. Further longitudinal studies are required for determining the utility of these characteristics to predict future suicidal behavior.

Keywords : Suicide attempt; risk assessment; risk factors.

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