Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Print version ISSN 0034-7450
IRAGORRI CUCALON, Ángela María. Frontotemporal Dementia. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2007, vol.36, suppl.1, pp. 139-156. ISSN 0034-7450.
Introduction: Frontotemporal dementia constitutes a signifi cant percentage of the degenerative dementias, making up for 20% of patients who die with dementia before the age of 70. It is an extensive syndrome with three clinical variants: frontal variant, semantic dementia and primary progressive aphasia. Objective: To describe the demographic characteristics, genetics, diagnosis, pathology and treatment, as well as other types of frontotemporal dementia. Method: Review of the medical literature. Conclusions: Patients with this syndrome present with behavioral and affective symptoms, language diffi culties or executive dysfunction. An imaging study of the brain should be performed, as well as neuropsychological assessment. At present, no specifi c pharmacologic therapies have been approved for use in frontotemporal dementia.
Keywords : Dementia; serotonin uptake inhibitors; tau proteins.