Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Print version ISSN 0034-7450
ATUESTA FAJARDO, Juana Yolanda; VASQUEZ ROJAS, Rafael Antonio and URREGO MENDOZA, Zulma Consuelo. Psychopathological Aspects of Borderline Intellectual Functioning: a study in Hospital de la Misericordia, 2000-2005. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2008, vol.37, n.2, pp. 182-194. ISSN 0034-7450.
Introduction: Poor academic functioning is a common chief complaint in Children and Adolescent Psychiatry services; its possible causes could be Attention- defi cit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), emotional disorder in childhood, learning disorders, sensorial defi cits and mental retardation. But there is an abnormal condition without a specifi c nosological classifi cation: Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF), determined when IQ is between 71 and 84. Objectives: To describe the sociodemographic characteristics and comorbilities in patients with BIF evaluated by the Children and Adolescent Psychiatry service al La Misericordia Hospital from 2000 to 2005. Methods: This is a descriptive study. We reviewed the data base and medical histories of patients with WISC R between 71 and 84. Results: 161 patients were found. 68.94% (n=111) were men; the mean age was 11.5 years old. 92.53% were poor. The most common chief complaint was poor academic functioning 40.37% (n=65); a history of psychomotor delay 20.49% (n=33) and school failure 19.87% (n=32) was common. ADHD 57.14% (n=92) and depression and anxiety 22.98% (n=37) were the most common comorbilities. Conclusion: BIF with unfavorable socioeconomic conditions could increase the individual’s vulnerability to psychopathology and compromise the quality of life.
Keywords : psychopathology; inteligence; depression; anxiety.