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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

GALVEZ FLOREZ, Juan Francisco  e  RINCON SALAZAR, David Andrés. Clinical Management of Dually Diagnosed Patients: Treatment for Drug Abusing and Dependent Patients with Major Psychiatric Comorbidities. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2009, vol.38, n.1, pp.143-176. ISSN 0034-7450.

Introduction: In an effort to treat dually diagnosed patients, multiple therapeutic interventions that have shown efficacy for inpatients with major psychiatric disorders or substance abuse have been used in combination. In spite of the vast evidence of the association between drug abuse and major psychiatric disorders, most guidelines for the treatment of dually diagnosed patients are based on combinations that lack enough evidence, thus limiting their success. To date, no treatment has shown promise of long-term effectiveness. Objective: To describe briefl y the available evidence for relevant psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological strategies in the treatment of dually diagnosed patients. At the same time, we hope to develop dynamic and fl exible algorithms to be included in the Clinical Guidelines for the Treatment of Dually Diagnosed Patients admitted to El Prado Psychiatric Institute in Armenia, Colombia. Method: We searched the Biomedical Literature on Medline, OVID, Proquest, Scielo, and EMBASE for articles matching the MeSH, dual diagnosis with treatment and prognosis, limiting results to clinical trials, systematic reviews, meta-analysis and clinical guidelines published in the last 25 years in adult population. Results: 246 articles were downloaded, of which 146 were selected after carefully reviewing all abstracts that met our established inclusion criteria in terms of methodology, safety, efficacy and effectiveness of the interventions. Conclusion: The clinical evidence available supports the nine protocols designed for the treatment of dually diagnosed patients in the addiction program of El Prado Psychiatric Institute in Armenia, Colombia.

Palavras-chave : Dual diagnosis; psychotherapy; group therapy; psychopharmacology; evidence-based medicine.

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