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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7450


TEJADA M, Paola Andrea  and  GOMEZ O, Viviola. Psychosocial and Work Factors Associated with Burnout in Colombian Psychiatrists. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2009, vol.38, n.3, pp.488-512. ISSN 0034-7450.

Introduction: Burnout IS a consequence of chronic work stress. The negative consequence of stress can affect not only the well-being of THE PHYSICIANS but also the quality of care they give to their patients. Besides being a public health problem, it may also be an obstacle to the smooth running of the institution. As such, it is important to strengthen the research on burnout in our environment. Method: Seven participants were selected from each group of psychiatrists (high versus low burnout). An interview based on a semistructured questionnaire was carried out with each participant. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. The transcriptions were analyzed by using a case study approach for qualitative analysis. Results: As regards the analysis of the interviews, this study emphasizes the importance of the Effort-Reward and Demand-Control models for the study of burnout in psychiatrists. It WAS observed that the imbalance between the model components is caused by individual factors such as overcommittment with work, interpersonal factors and organizational factors. Conclusions: High levels of burnout in psychiatrists may have an impact on their effectiveness when working with patients. This means that the best way to improve the patients’ satisfaction, is to improve the welfare and satisfaction of the psychiatrists. For this reason, apart from personal considerations, prevention of burnout should be carried out based on profession policies with the aim of modifying some of the current work forms in the institutions.

Keywords : Professional burnout; psychiatrists; stress; job.

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