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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7450


MILLAN-GONZALEZ, Ricardo et al. Health-Related Quality of Life and Prevalence of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Patients in Hemodyalisis from Six Hemodyalisis Units in Bogotá, Colombia. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2009, vol.38, n.4, pp.622-636. ISSN 0034-7450.

Introduction: End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is a major health problem. Psychiatric comorbidity could affect Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL). Most studies analyzing HRQL as well as depressive and/or anxiety symptoms have been undertaken in non-Latin-American populations. Objective: To determine HRQL and the prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients assisting to six hemodialysis (HD) units in Bogotá, Colombia. Method: Multicentric, descriptive, transversal study in patients over 18 of both genders with ESRD, who were receiving HD three times per week. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the SF-36, and the HADS were administered. Results: 174 subjects participated in the study, but only 163 were considered for the final analysis (ages ranged from 19 to 86 years old; 57.06 were males). The physical HRQL was 38.70 (SD 8.62) and the mental HRQL was 44.73 (SD 10.39). Depression was suspected in 15.95% and a clinical problem was present in 5.52% of the cases. Anxiety was suspected in 16.46% of the subjects and a clinical problem existed in 13.29% of them. Conclusions: This is the largest Latin-American sample known of to date. HRQL was comparable to other populations except for the Role-Physical, which is the lowest described in the literature. With the intention of increasing sensibility, the cut point of 9 might be the more appropriate when screening for depression with the HADS. As mental HRQL decreases, the presence of depression increases; as total HRQL decreases, the possibility of finding anxiety increases.

Keywords : Hemodialysis; depression; anxiety; health related quality of life.

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