Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450
ESTRADA-JARAMILLO, Santiago et al. Bipolar Disorder in Children. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2009, vol.38, suppl.1, pp. 125-139. ISSN 0034-7450.
Introduction: A children clinical presentation of a possible diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD), becomes a great challenge for the psychiatrist, neurologist and/or pediatrician. Objective: To provide an updated clinical perspective of children with BD diagnosis, that will serve as clinical tool for the psychiatrist, neurologist and/or pediatrician. Method: a selective review of recent literature of children with BD was performed; especially about mood and behavioral changes, and differential diagnosis from other child psychiatry disorders. Results: This paper proposed two key points for the clinical assessment of a child with a possible diagnosis of BD, the first refers to recognize the children and adolescents’ features of euthymic (normal) and bipolar, and the second, to the differential diagnosis accordingly to 3 age groups: preschoolers, scholars and adolescents. Conclusions: the psychiatrist, neurologist and pediatrician have enough tools to identify and diagnose Pediatric BD and differentiate it from other child psychiatry disorders.
Palavras-chave : Bipolar disorder; attention deficit- hyperactive disorder; clinical assessment; differential diagnosis.