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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

TORRES DE GALVIS, Yolanda; POSADA VILLA, José  e  BERBESI FERNANDEZ, Dedsy Yajaira. Factors Associated with Substance use Disorders in Colombian Adolescents According to the Results of the WMH-CIDI. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2010, vol.39, suppl.1, pp.112s-132s. ISSN 0034-7450.

Introduction: Given the magnitude of mental health problem and the recommendations of national and international institutions, it was proposed to generate knowledge about risk and protective factors for the targeting of evidence-based practice, programs for the promotion and prevention substance use disorders in adolescents. Method: As part of the WHO-WMH studied a probabilistic sample of 1,576 Colombian adolescents from 13 to 17 years old, CIDI instrument was applied for the diagnosis of substance abuse disorder, estimated the association with etiologic factors by bivariate analysis and application of logistic regression model using the method Step Wise. Results: In calculating the OR adjusted with 95% confidence, the risk factors most strongly associated with substance use disorders were: a history of marijuana use, parental history of mental illness, neglect in addressing the needs of food and health and abuse among parents, the cigarette and alcohol consumption and presence of stressful life events. They behaved as protective factors: Good communication with parents, spirituality, family cohesion and the strict application of the rules. Conclusion: These results suggest that prevention programs should pay special attention to population groups that present the risk and protective factors for drug use found in this study.

Palavras-chave : Adolescents; risk factors; substance abuse; cross-sectional studies; odds ratio..

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