Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Print version ISSN 0034-7450
HERNANDEZ, Delia Cristina. Treatment of Addiction in Colombia. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2010, vol.39, suppl.1, pp. 153s-170s. ISSN 0034-7450.
Introduction: In the face of recent debates linked to the penalization of the personal dose and the intention of implementing a mandatory rehabilitation treatment for consumers it is important to analyze all legal, epidemiological, social and clinical contexts of the problem and the treatment options available in the country. Objective: To review the epidemiological, social and comorbidity aspect of the addictive conducts and establish a relationship with the characteristics of the treatment centers existing in the country. Method: A research using Pubmed, EBSCO, Host and OVID SP databases, using keywords such as addiction, treatment, comorbidity, psychoactive substances (PAS). The works, published in the last decade were prioritized using strict scientific methodology. Prior publications were included since they were the first national epidemiological studies on PAS. Results: The PAS consumption continues to expand in the country and is strongly associated to mental illness (personality disorders, bipolar I and II disorder, anxiety disorders and psychosis). These can be identified and treated by specialized professionals. Conclusion: The PAS consumption (a public health issue) requires an integrated treatment that takes into consideration the particularities of each subject and its co morbidity. The available treatment centers are insufficient to satisfy the demand. A vast number of them do not have the minimum elements to guarantee an adequate treatment and to identify the dual pathology involved.
Keywords : Trastornos relacionados con sustancias; centros de tratamiento de abuso de sustancias; trastornos mentales; Substance-related disorders; substance abuse treatment centers; mental disorders..