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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

NAVARRO-MANCILLA, Álvaro Andrés et al. Prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder among Colombian Adolescents and its Association with Working while Going to School. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2011, vol.40, n.2, pp.279-288. ISSN 0034-7450.

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children and adolescents attending school in Bucaramanga, Colombia, and to determine its associated socio-demographic factors. Method: A cross-sectional design was used with a sample size of 501 individuals between the ages of 10 to 17 years enrolled in Bucaramanga's schools. They were administered a structured clinical interview OCD module. Socio-demographic data was also collected. The inquired sociodemographic factors were analyzed with bivariate analysis. Work for money was taken as a risk explanatory variable for developing OCD; stratified analysis and unconditional logistic regression were carried out. Results: Prevalence of OCD was found to be 7.4% (95% CI: 5.3-10.0) in this population. Students with OCD had a prevalence of working for money higher than those who did not (OR: 2.2; 95% CI: 1.0-4.4). Girls who worked for money showed a higher risk of having OCD than those who did not (OR: 5.4; 95% CI: 1.7-7.4), in a logistic regression model. Conclusion: These results suggest that the prevalence of OCD among Colombian school children is higher than elsewhere. In addition, working while going to school might be a risk factor associated with OCD in girls.

Palavras-chave : Prevalence; obsessive-compulsive disorder; child labor; adolescent.

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