Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Print version ISSN 0034-7450
CASTANEDA AGUILERA, Enrique and GARCIA DE ALBA GARCIA, Javier E.. Depression in Female Healthcare Workers and Analysis of Socio-demographic and Work-related Risk Factors. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2011, vol.40, n.3, pp. 420-432. ISSN 0034-7450.
Objective: To determine the prevalence of depression in women healthcare workers and to analyze the socio-demographic and work-related risk factors. Material and methods: This is an observational, descriptive, and transversal study. 190 female healthcare workers of the Mexican Social Security Institute were assessed by an identification form and a self-administered diagnostic clinical questionnaire of depressive symptoms. Results: The response rate was 86.0%. All were women, 52.2% were over 40 years old, 61.0% had a steady partner, and 75.3% reported having children. 51.5% had more than 12 years of schooling 71.0% had been at the institution over 10 years, and 56.3% had been at their current position for less than 10 years. 52.1% had the afternoon shift, 90.0% were hired directly, and 8.6% had no other job outside the institution. Depression was detected in 18.9% of the women. 9.5% had anxiety reactions, 8.4% moderate depression, and 1.1% severe depression. There were no significant differences according to socio-demographic and work-related variables, except for having a stable partner, being at the institution for more than 10 years, working only at the institution, and non-use of tobacco and alcohol. Conclusions: Depression showed a prevalence of 18.9%. Risk factors were being a social worker, being more than 40 years old, having a stable partner for less than 15 years, having children, having over 12 years of schooling, working for more than 10 years at the institution in the current position, having the morning shift, being a direct hire employee, and not having another job outside the institution.
Keywords : Depression; health care personnel; risk factors; women.