Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450
DE ARCE, Rosario et al. Subsyndromal Depressive Symptoms in Bipolar II Disorder: a Community Mental Health Services Cohort Study (SIN-DEPRES). rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2011, vol.40, suppl.1, pp. 13-49. ISSN 0034-7450.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and the impact of subclinical depressive symptoms (SDS) on the functional outcome of bipolar II (BD) outpatients in remission. Methods: Cross-sectional and prospective 16-week study of a cohort of 739 euthymic BD patients included by 94 investigators in Spain. Clinical stability was assessed at baseline and week 16 with the Clinical Global Impression scale for BD (CGI-BP-M), depressive symptoms at baseline with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), the Montgomery-Asberg Scale (MADRS) and the self-applied Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D). Functional status was evaluated with the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale (SOFAS) and Social Adaptation Self-evaluation Scale (SASS). Results: The sample of type II BD was composed by 202 patients. SDS were detected in 21.3% of patients (95% IC =15.9 to 27.6) at baseline. In apparently symptom-free patients, the incidence of SDS after 16 weeks was 29% (MADRS >7). At baseline, SDS patients compared to non-SDS presented poorer social-occupational performance (SOFAS mean difference -13.3, 95% CI from -17.1 to -9.5) and poorer social adjustment (SASS mean difference -4.3, 95% CI from -7.0 to -1.7). Depressive symptoms were inversely related to functional status and social adjustment: MADRS-SOFAS correlation coefficients r = -0.55 (p<0.0001) and MADRS-SASS correlation coefficients r = -0.43 (p<0.0001). The self-applied questionnaire identified additional cases with depressive symptoms at baseline, showing a SDS-Total prevalence of 51% identified by any method. A MADRS score 5 showed 0.75 sensitivity and 0.69 specificity in the detection of cases with possible SDS based on self-reported results as gold standard. Conclusions: Depressive symptoms in apparently remitted type II BD outpatients are common and as frequent as in other BD subtypes. These subclinical symptoms result in adverse occupational outcome and social maladjustment. MADRS and self-applied questionnaires during follow-up visits may provide important information about type II BD patients’ mood status and functionality.
Palavras-chave : Bipolar II; depressive symptoms; subsyndromal.