Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
versión impresa ISSN 0034-7450
PALACIO, Juan David et al. Offspring of Patients with Bipolar Disorder Type I from the Paisa' Population: Psychopathological and Neuropsychological Profile. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2011, vol.40, suppl.1, pp. 90-107. ISSN 0034-7450.
Objective: To characterize the main psycho pathological findings and neuropsychological profiles in a group of offspring of parents with Bipolar Disorder of Antioquia-Colombian ancestry. Methods: 20 children of parents with bipolar disorder type I were assessed using the K-SADS-PL in order to establish their diagnosis according with DSM-IV-TR criteria. Neuropsychological assessment was done by using subtests of the "Evaluación Neuropsicológica Infantil (ENI)" and the abbreviated version of WISC III. Bipolar parents and biological co-parents were evaluated with the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies (DIGS). Results: The most common psychiatric disorders found were separation anxiety disorder (35%), simple phobia (20%), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (50%), and oppositional defiant disorder (20%). This group of offspring also presented subsyndromal anxiety and ADHD symptoms as a common psychopathological finding. None of the children assessed had bipolar disorder and only two cases presented major depressive disorder. However, subsyndromal symptoms for mania were found in a quarter of the sample. The main neuropsychological findings in the offspring were difficulties in memory evocation, memory recall, and long term memory. Conclusions: This group of children and adolescents of parents with BD type I from paisa population (Colombia) genetic isolate presents DSM-IV-TR diagnoses of anxiety and disruptive disorders and subsyndromal symptoms of several psychiatric disorders including BD. Some neuropsychological measures show low performance in memory and attention tests.
Palabras llave : Bipolar disorder; psychopathology; neuropsychology.