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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

RUEDA-JAIMES, Germán Eduardo; RANGEL-MARTINEZ-VILLALBA, Andrés Mauricio  e  CAMACHO, Paul Anthony. Bipolar Disorder and Suicidality in Colombian Patients.. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2011, vol.40, suppl.1, pp.108-118. ISSN 0034-7450.

Introduction: Traditionally suicidally in a patient with major depressive disorder (MDD) is considered to be s higher than in a patient with bipolar disorder (BD), however recent evidence shows that the risk is similar or greater for patients with BD. The aim of this study was to determine the differences according to diagnosis in a sample of patients with suicidality attending a specialized private clinic in Bucaramanga, Colombia, and to identify specific characteristics of patients with BD. Methods: Case-control study nested in a prospective cohort. A consecutive sample of patients with suicidality was collected. A multivariate analysis was performed in patients with BD to compare with those in whom the diagnosis was MDD. Results: 612 patients were interviewed but only 593 were included in the study because of incomplete data in the other 9. 125 patients had BD, 335 MDD and 133 other diagnoses. Age OR = 0.98 (0.96 to 0.99), substance abuse, OR = 2.14 (1.3 to 3.5), impulsivity OR = 1.85 (1.2-2.9), and family support OR = 0.46 (0.3 to 0.7) differentiated patients with BD from patients with MDD. Conclusion: Suicidal patients with BD who attended a private clinic in Bucaramanga had higher suicidal risk than patients with MDD or other diagnoses. The factors that differentiated patients with BD from patients with MDD were younger age, substance abuse, impulsivity, and lack of family support.

Palavras-chave : Suicide; suicide; attempted; suicidal ideation; bipolar disorder.

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