Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Print version ISSN 0034-7450
PEREZ-OLMOS, Isabel; TELLEZ CRUZ, Doris Lorena; VELEZ TRASLAVINA, Ángela Liliana and IBANEZ-PINILLA, Milcíades. Factor Characterization Associated with Suicidal Behavior in 8"' Grade Adolescent Students in Three Schools from Bogotá (Colombia). rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.41, n.1, pp. 26-47. ISSN 0034-7450.
Objective: To establish the probability for suicide risk and/or mental disorders, together with related factors among high school students in 3 schools in Bogota. Methods: Cross sectional study of 309 adolescents. Results: The average age was 13.83 ± 0.9, female dominance (58.6%) and a 3rd socioeconomic stratum (68.3%). The suicidal risk behavioral probability and/or mental symptoms was 47.6%, 26.5% exhibited some suicide manifestations, 14.23% had experienced suicidal ideas in the last 3 months, 3.55% had had suicide attempts at least once in life, and 8.73% had suicidal ideas in the last 3 months with suicide attempts. The risk of suicidal behavior and /or mental disorders was explained jointly by depression (OR=27.9, 95% CI: 3.5-223. 1), low self-esteem (OR=11.8, 95% CI: 2.5-56.5), severe family dysfunction (OR=3.4, 95%CI 1.2-9.7), being female (OR=2.1, 95% CI: 1.2-3.8) and being 15 or older (OR=1.9, 95% CI: 0.967-3.9). Psychological abuse followed by physical mistreatment was associated with suicidal behavior and /or mental illness while good family relationships were associated to lower probability. Conclusion: Depression, low self-esteem, severe family dysfunction, female gender, older age (> 15) and domestic violence are risk factors associated with suicide and/or mental disorders in adolescents; good family relationships are associated with lower risk.
Keywords : Suicide; adolescent; mental disorders; depression; self-esteem; family relationships.