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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

RICARDO RAMIREZ, Carmenza; ALVAREZ, Matilde; VALENCIA PRIETO, Germán  e  TIRADO OTALVARO, Felipe. Prevalence of Depressive and Anxious Symptomatology in 14-18 ys-old Students from a Private School in Medellin. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.41, n.3, pp.606-619. ISSN 0034-7450.

Objective: This study describes prevalence of depressive and anxious symptoms together with family, environmental and personal risk factors in a group of adolescents between 14 and 18 years of age in a private school of Medellín. Methods: An analytic observational cross sectional study was performed in 152 adolescents, evaluating sociodemographic aspects and prevalence of depressive and anxious symptomatology, as established through BDI-II and BAI. Results: Average age was 15.4 ± 0.9 years old, with a 25% prevalence of anxiety symptoms and 25.7% of depressive symptoms. From the 38 (25%) students with BAI positive, 26 (68.4%) were BDI positive, and from the 39 (25.6%) students with BDI positive, 26 (66.7%) were BAI positive. Conclusions: the risk factors for anxiety and depressive symptomatology were: being a woman, being a victim of bullying and abuse. Having friends was the protective factors for depressive symptomatology. There was a statistical association between self-report of depressive and anxiety symptomatology; between the anxiety self-report and the depressive symptomatology; as well as between depressive and anxiety symptomatology and parents' perception of such symptoms.

Palavras-chave : Depresión; ansiedad; adolescente; estudiantes; factores de riesgo.

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