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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450


SEGOVIA-CUELLAR, Andrés. Neurophenomenology: Project for a Science of Past Experiences. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.41, n.3, pp.644-658. ISSN 0034-7450.

Introduction: Since the middle of 20th Century, cognitive science has been recognized as the genuine convergence field for all scientific advances in human mind studies with the mechanisms enabling knowledge. Since then, it has become a multidisciplinary area where several research disciplines and actors have acquired citizenship, allowing new expectations on the scientific study of human uniqueness. Objectives: Critical assessment of the discussion that the discourse of theoretical biology has been assuming regarding the study of the cognitive phenomenon with special attention to the enactive project and, extensively, to the neurophenomenology of Francisco J. Varela. Methods: Starting with a brief and synthesized history of cognitive science, we will establish the key principles for understanding the emergence of the enactive paradigm and the "embodied" turn influenced by continental phenomenology in the cognitive science, as well as the general guidelines of Neurophenomenology. Conclusions: The "hard problem" of consciousness still faces several types of reductionism relegating the cognitive issue to a kind of merely rational, individual, abstract and disembodied mechanism, thus strengthening the functionalist paradigm in mind philosophy. A solution to classic dichotomies in mind sciences must start rejecting such assumptions.

Palavras-chave : Enactive; neurophenomenology; cognitive science; sensorimotor coupling.

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