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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

DE LA ESPRIELLA GUERRERO, Ricardo et al. Clinical Practice Guide for Early Detection, Diagnosis and Treatment of the Acute Intoxication Phase in Patients with Alcohol Abuse or Dependence Part I: Screening, Early Detection and Risk Factors in Patients with Alcohol Abuse or Dependence. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.41, n.4, pp.787-804. ISSN 0034-7450.

Introduction: Worldwide, alcohol is the second most-used psychotropic substance and the third risk factor for early death and disability. Its noxious use is a world public health problem given its personal, labor, family, economic and social impact. 70 % of people under risk of having alcohol problems go undetected in medical practice, a fact that underlines the need for specific screening measures allowing early detection leading to timely treatment. This article presents evidence gathered by alcohol abuse and dependence screening as well as by risk factor identification and screening. It also presents evidence concerning withdrawal symptoms, delirium tremens and Wernicke's encephalopathy in order to promote early detection and timely treatment. Methodology: Systematic revision of the evidence available together with an evaluation of pertinent guidelines found in literature so as to decide whether to adopt or adapt the existing recommendation for each question or to develop de novo recommendations. For de novo recommendations as well as those adapted, it was carried out an evidence synthesis, together with evidence tables and formulation of recommendations based on the evidence. Results: Evidence was found and recommendations were made for the pertinent screening and search of risk factors, in order to perform a diagnosis and carry out a timely management of alcohol abuse, dependence and ensuing complications: withdrawal syndrome, delirium tremens and Wernicke's encephalopathy.

Palavras-chave : Alcohol abuse; alcohol dependence; alcohol withdrawal; delirium tremens; Wernicke encephalopathy.

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