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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7450

Abstract

CAMPO-ARIAS, Adalberto; LAFAURIE, María Mercedes  and  GAITAN-DUARTE, Hernando G.. Reliability and Validity of the Scale for Homophobia in Medicine Students. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.41, n.4, pp.867-880. ISSN 0034-7450.

Introduction: There are several scales to quantify homophobia in different populations. However, the reliability and validity of these instruments among Colombian students are unknown. Consequently, this work is intended to assess reliability (inner consistency) as well as the validity of the Scale for Homophobia in Medicine students from a private university in Bogotá (Colombia). Methodology: Methodological study with 199 Medicine students from 1st to 5th semester that filled out the Homophobia Scale form, the general welfare questionnaire, the Attitude Towards Gays and Lesbians Scale (ATGL), WHO-5 (divergent validity) and the Francis Scale of Attitude Toward Christianity (nomologic validity). Pearson's correlations were computed, the Cronbach's alfa coefficient, the omega coefficient (construct's reliability) and confirmatory factorial analysis. Results: The Scale for Homophobia showed an alpha Cronbach coefficient of 0,785, an omega coefficient of 0,790 and a Pearson correlation with the ATGL of 0,844; with WHO-5, -0,059; and a Francis Scale of Attitude Toward Christianity, 0,187. The Scale toward Homophobia exhibited a relevant factor of 44,7% of the total variance. Conclusions: The Scale for Homophobia showed acceptable reliability and validity. New studies should investigate the stability of the scale and the nomologic validity regarding other constructs.

Keywords : Homosexuality; prejudice; attitude; medical students; validation studies.

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