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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7450

Abstract

BOTELHO DE OLIVEIRA, Silvia; SUAREZ FLOREZ, Ruth Natalia  and  VASQUEZ CABALLERO, Diego Andrés. Memoria declarativa congruente con sintomatología depresivaConsistent Declarative Memory with Depressive Symptomatology. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.41, n.4, pp.881-899. ISSN 0034-7450.

Introduction: Some studies have suggested that potentiated remembrance of negative events on people with depressive disorders seems to be an important factor in the etiology, course and maintenance of depression. Objective: Evaluate the emotional memory in people with and without depressive symptomatology by means of an audio-visual test. Methodology: 73 university students were evaluated, male and female, between 18 and 40 years old, distributed in two groups: with depressive symptomatology (32) and without depres-sive symptomatology (40), using the Scale from the Center of Epidemiologic Studies for Depression (CES-D, English Abbreviation) and a cutting point of 20. Results: There were not meaningful differences between free and voluntary recalls, with and without depressive symptomatology, in spite of the fact that both groups had granted a higher emotional value to the audio-visual test and that they had associated it with emotional sadness. Conclusion: People with depressive symptomatology did not exhibit the effect of mnemonic potentiation generally associated to the content of the emotional version of the test; therefore, the hypothesis of emotional consistency was not validated.

Keywords : Emotional memory; depressive symptomatology; CES-D; audio-visual test; mood congruency.

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