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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450


PENNA-SALAS, Gabriel Felipe; BARENO, José; BERBESI FERNANDEZ, Dedsy Yajaira  e  GAVIRIA, Silvia L. Prevalence of Alcohol Abuse and Dependence in Adults With Social Phobia in Medellin. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2014, vol.43, n.2, pp.66-72. ISSN 0034-7450.

Introduction: Having a social phobia may lead to consuming alcohol for greater social assertiveness, running the risk of leading to an abuse disorder or alcohol dependence. The aim of the study was to estimate prevalence of pathological comorbidity between social phobia and alcohol consumption in adults of the city of Medellin, and the behavior of comorbidity by gender, age, presence of a father figure in childhood, and education. Methods: Secondary analysis of the database of the first Mental Health Population Survey conducted in the city of Medellin in 2011 and 2012 based on the methodology of the World Mental Health Survey guidelines and coordinated by WHO-HARVARD. Results: The lifetime prevalence of abuse and dependence in people with social phobia was 24.1% and 11.2%, respectively. For people with social phobia the prevalence was 13% for abuse and 4.4% for dependence (OR = 2.11 for abuse, OR = 2.46 for dependence). Annual prevalence of people with social phobia who abused or were dependent on alcohol was 7.8% and 5.9%, respectively, compared to those who do not suffer from this disorder, with a prevalence of 3.4% and 1.7%, respectively (OR = 2.39 for abuse and OR = 3.57 for dependence). Discussion: There was significant correlation in the annual and lifetime prevalence between social phobia and the pathological consumption of alcohol. Statistically significant relationships were found for the variables associated with social phobia, however, more work is needed to confirm or refute these associations.

Palavras-chave : Social phobia; Alcohol abuse; Alcohol dependence; Prevalence.

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