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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7450

Abstract

RESTREPO, Jorge Emiro; YARA, Eduardo Alfonso; CANO BETANCUR, Jessica  and  TAVERA, Luz Navia. Emotional Profile of a Group of Colombian Military Victims of Landmines or Improvised Explosive Devices. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2014, vol.43, n.2, pp.87-95. ISSN 0034-7450.

Introduction: Antipersonnel Mines (MAP) and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) are frequently used in Colombia as an armed resource without the need for direct combat. The Department of Antioquia has the highest number of events associated with the detonation of such battle techniques. There are no studies on the psychological effects that appear as a result of accidents with Antipersonnel Mines and IEDs in the military population. Objective: To establish the psychological profile of a group of military victims of MAP and AEI, and a control group of soldiers who were not victims from the analysis of four emotional variables (depression, anxiety, anger and stress). Methods: The research was conducted using a case-control design in a .quantitative, comparative, descriptive and cross-sectional study. Participants: A sample of 80 soldiers assigned to the Seventh Division of the National Army of Colombia at Medellin, Antioquia. The sample included a group of 30 military cases and 50 soldiers as controls. Results: The anxiety state, trait anxiety, state anger, and trait anger variables showed statistically significant differences between groups. There were no significant differences in the variables depression and stress between groups variables. There was no depression, anxiety, or stress in either of the two groups, but there were clinically significant levels of anger in both groups.

Keywords : Landmines; Military; Depression; Anxiety; Anger; Stress.

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