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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7450


ARENAS BORRERO, Álvaro Enrique et al. Prevention and Treatment of Common Acute Adverse Effects With Antipsychotic Use in Adults With Schizophrenia Diagnosis. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2014, vol.43, suppl.1, pp.66-74. ISSN 0034-7450.

Objective: To determine the most adequate strategies for the prevention and treatment of the acute adverse effects of the use of antipsychotics. Methods: A clinical practice guideline was elaborated under the parameters of the Methodological Guide of the Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social to identify, synthesize and evaluate the evidence and make recommendations about the treatment and follow-up of adult patients with schizophrenia. A systematic literature search was carried out. The evidence was presented to the Guideline Developing Group and recommendations, employing the GRADE system, were produced. Results: The non-pharmacological interventions such as nutritional counseling by a nutritionist, exercise and psychotherapy are effective in preventing weight gain with the use of antipsychotics. (Kg Weight reduction in DM of −3.05 (−4.16, −1.94)). The antipsychotic change from olanzapine to aripiprazole showed weight loss and decreased BMI (decreased weight in KG DM −3.21 (−9.03, −2.61). The use of beta blockers was ineffective in reducing akathisia induced by antipsychotic; using as outcome the 50% reduction of symptoms of akathisia comparing beta-blockers with placebo RR was 1.4 (0.59, 1.83). Conclusion: It is recommended to make psychotherapeutic accompaniment and nutrition management of overweight for patients with weight gain. If these alternatives are ineffective is suggested to change the antipsychotic or consider starting metformin. For the management of drug-induced akathisia it is recommended to decrease the dose of the drug and the addition of lorazepam. It is recommended using 5 mg biperiden IM or trihexyphenidyl 5 mg orally in case of secondary acute dystonia and for the treatment of antipsychotic-induced parkinsonism to decrease the dose of antipsychotic or consider using 2 -4 mg/day of biperiden or diphenhydramine 50 mg once daily.

Keywords : Clinical Practice Guidelines; Antipsychotics; Schizophrenia; Adverse effects; Follow-up.

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